Updates? Peter Thomas, Lost Land of Moses: The Age of Discovery on New Brunswick's Salmon Rivers. Founded about 1760 by shipwrecked French seamen, it is one of the province’s The Micmac & Malecite peoples were followed by the Acadians, New England Planters, the Loyalists, the Irish and the Scots. In 1784, Britain split the colony of Nova Scotia into three separate colonies: New Brunswick, Cape Breton Island, and present-day peninsular Nova Scotia, in addition to the adjacent colonies of St. John’s Island (renamed Prince Edward Island in 1798) and Newfoundland. The principal cities are Fredericton, the capital, Greater Moncton, currently the largest metropolitan (CMA) area and the most populous city, and the port city of Saint John, which was the first incorporated city in Canada and largest in the province for 231 years until 2016. The latter two bodies of water are separated by the narrow neck of the Chignecto Isthmus, which joins New Brunswick to Nova Scotia, to the southeast. There were exceptions however, such as the coming of New England Planters to the Sackville region and the arrival of Pennsylvania Dutch settlers in Moncton in 1766. Magnetic Hill in … Obituary Listings Index. Community. The “Aroostook War” was bloodless (but politically very tense), and the boundary was subsequently settled by the Webster-Ashburton Treaty of 1842. It was one of the four original provinces making up the national confederation in 1867. New Brunswick’s Acadians remain Canada’s largest and strongest French speaking community outside of Québec. Hannay deals with a lengthy list of topics. The three major urban centres are all in the southern third of the province. Additional immigration to New Brunswick in the early part of the 19th century was from Scotland; western England; and Waterford, Ireland, often after first having come through (or having lived in) Newfoundland. Explore legends, lore and family roots in New Brunswick. Learn about the people who lived there through stories, old newspaper articles, pictures, postcards and genealogy. It’s also filled with friendly locals, delicious seafood, and the highest tides in the world. They were responsible for the Augustine Mound, a burial ground built about 800 BCE near Metepnákiaq (Red Bank First Nation). Pop. Throughout the mid 19th century, shipbuilding on the Bay of Fundy shore, on the Petitcodiac River, at Chatham on the Miramichi River, and at Bathurst in the Bay of Chaleur, became a dominant industry in New Brunswick. This caused what is known to historians as Father Le Loutre’s War, because of the contended possession which had been in issue since before 1713. Nova Scotia was therefore partitioned. Leading discovery and innovation since 1785. New Brunswick, Canada Obituaries and Death Notices Collection. The New Brunswick and Nova Scotia Land Company, a means of transferring land held by the Crown to individual owners, was chartered in New Brunswick in 1831. Temperatures at Fredericton range from an extreme low of −35 °F (−37 °C) to an extreme high of 99 °F (37 °C). 1604 - The French attempt their first … timeline New Brunswick. The parishes of Westfield, Sussex, Springfield and Kingston were created in 1786. The northwestern border between Maine and New Brunswick had not been clearly defined by the Treaty of Paris (1783) that had ended the American Revolution. National Historic Sites of New Brunswick. Email or Phone: Password: Forgot account? Historic Sites. Discover its history. Choose from 75+ programs at the University of New Brunswick's two campuses. By the late 1830s, population growth and competing lumber interests in the upper Saint John River valley created the need for a definite boundary in the area. 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